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Chapter 5. The story of *ô in the Cariban Family
Title:
Chapter 5. The story of *ô in the Cariban Family
ID:
Gildea, Spike, B.J. Hoff & Sérgio Meira. 2010. The story of *ô in the Cariban Family. In Andrea L. Berez, Jean Mulder, & Daisy Rosenblum (eds.), Fieldwork and Linguistic Analysis in Indigenous Languages of the Americas, 91-123. Honolulu: University of Hawai'i Press.
978-0-8248-3530-9
Link to the object:
Online:
Yes
Archive:
Contributor:
Gildea, Spike (author)
Hoff, B.J. (author)
Meira, Sérgio (author)
Date:
2010-05
Publisher:
University of Hawai'i Press
Description:
This paper argues for the reconstruction of an unrounded mid central/back vowel *ô to Proto-Cariban. Recent comparative studies of the Cariban family encounter a consistent correspondence of ə : o : ɨ : e, tentatively reconstructed as *o2 (considering only pronouns; Meira 2002) and *ô (considering only seven languages; Meira & Franchetto 2005). The first empirical contribution of this paper is to expand the comparative database to twenty-one modern and two extinct Cariban languages, where the robustness of the correspondence is confirmed. In ten languages, *ô merges with another vowel, either *o or *ɨ. The second empirical contribution of this paper is to more closely analyze one apparent case of attested change from *ô > o, as seen in cognate forms from Island Carib and dialectal variation in Kari’nja (Carib of Surinam). Kari’nja words borrowed into Island Carib/Garífuna show a split between rounded and unrounded back vowels: rounded back vowels are reflexes of *o and *u, unrounded back vowels reflexes of *ô and *ɨ. Our analysis of Island Carib phonology was originally developed by Douglas Taylor in the 1960s, supplemented with unpublished Garifuna data collected by Taylor in the 1950s.
National Foreign Language Resource Center
Content language:
English
DCMI type:
Text
Other format:
33 pages
Other rights:
Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial No Derivatives License
Other subject:
Cariban
Proto-Cariban
reconstruction
comparative
phonology
Other type:
Book Chapter
Complete OLAC record:
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Find Related Information:

Archive: Language Documentation and Conservation
Online: Yes
DCMI type: Text
Content language: English
Date: 2000 and later
Date: 2010 - 2019
Contributor: Gildea, Spike
Contributor: Hoff, B.J.
Contributor: Meira, Sérgio
Publisher: University of Hawai'i Press
Title: Chapter 5. The story of *ô in the Cariban Family
Other format: 33 pages
Other rights: Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial No Derivatives License
Other subject: Cariban
Other subject: Proto-Cariban
Other subject: comparative
Other subject: phonology
Other subject: reconstruction
Other type: Book Chapter